A Literature Review Is Not:
- just a summary of sources
- a grouping of broad, unrelated sources
- a compilation of everything that has been written on a particular topic
- literature criticism (think English) or a book review
So, what is it then?
A literature review is an integrated analysis-- not just a summary-- of scholarly writings that are related directly to your research question. That is, it represents the literature that provides background information on your topic and shows a correspondence between those writings and your research question.
A literature review may be a stand alone work or the introduction to a larger research paper, depending on the assignment. Rely heavily on the guidelines your instructor has given you.
Why is it important?
A literature review is important because it:
- Explains the background of research on a topic.
- Demonstrates why a topic is significant to a subject area.
- Discovers relationships between research studies/ideas.
- Identifies major themes, concepts, and researchers on a topic.
- Identifies critical gaps and points of disagreement.
- Discusses further research questions that logically come out of the previous studies.
Advance Research Methodology Literature Review
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urpose of a Literature Review
The purpose of a literature review is to convey to the reader what knowledge andideas have been established on a topic and what are the strengths and weaknesses.The literature review allows the reader to be brought up to date regarding thestate of research in the field and familiarizes the reader with any contrastingperspectives and viewpoints on the topic. There are good reasons for beginning aliterature review before starting a research paper. These reasons include:
To see what has and has not been investigated.
To develop general explanation for observed variations in a behavior orphenomenon.
To identify potential relationships between concepts and to identifyresearchable hypotheses.
To learn how others have defined and measured key concepts.
To identify data sources that other researches have used.
To develop alternative research projects.
To discover how a research project is related to the work of others.
portance of Literature Review
Research is made in order to inform people with new knowledge or discovery.
owever, it is not to be expected that everybody would willingly believe what youare tackling in your whole research paper. Thus, what you can do to make yourresearch more credible will be to support them with other works which havespoken about the same topic that you have for your research. This is whereliterature review comes in.You can even have literature sources in works such as stories, comments, project,speech, article, novel, poem, essay, program, theory, and others. This is whyliterature review involves scanning the pages of any published literature like books,newspaper, magazine, website, webpage, collection, paper, pamphlet, and the likewhere you may be able to find any reference to the same topic that you areresearching on. This time,
literature·µ does not exclusively refer to the poeticrendition of words, like that of Shakespeare alone.