Environmental pollution refers to the introduction of harmful pollutants into the environment. These pollutants contaminates the environment. It has a hazardous effect on the natural world and on the activities of living beings.
The major types of environmental pollution are air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, thermal pollution, soil pollution and light pollution.
Deforestation and hazardous gaseous emissions also leads to environmental pollution. During the last 10 years, the world has witnessed severe rise in environmental pollution.
We all live on planet earth, which is the only planet known to have an environment, where air and water are two basic things that sustain life. Without air and water the earth would be like the other planets – no man, no animals, no plants. The biosphere in which living beings have their sustenance has oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon and water vapor. All these are well balanced to ensure and help a healthy growth of life in the animal world. This balance does not only help the life-cycles of animals and plants, but it also creates the perennial sources of minerals and energies without which the human civilization of to-day could not be built. It is for this balance that the human life and other forms of existence have flourished on earth for so many thousands of years.
Also read: Short paragraph on Pollution
But man, as the most intelligent animal, never stopped being inquisitive, nor was he content with the bounties of nature. His quest for knowledge and search for security succeeded in exploring newer and wider avenues of mysteries that remained baffling so long. Man’s excursions into the darkest regions of mysteries laid foundations for the stupendous civilization, for the conquests of men had ensured their domination in their world and gave them a key to control all the forces in nature.
With the dawn of the age of science and technology, there has been huge growth and development of human potentials. And, it is here that man first began losing control and became prisoner of his own creations.
Also read: Pollution: Different Types of Pollution
Sources and Causes
The sources and causes of environmental pollution includes the following:
- Industrial activities: The industries all over the world that brought prosperity and affluence, made inroads in the biosphere and disturbed the ecological balances. The pall of smoke, the swirling gases, industrial effluents and the fall-out of scientific experiments became constant health hazards, polluting and contaminating both air and water. The improper disposal of industrial wastes are the sources of soil and water pollution. Chemical waste resulting from industry can pollute lakes, rivers and seas and soil too as well as releasing fumes.
- Dumping solid waste: Household and commercial waste pollutes the environment when not disposed of properly.
- Vehicles: The smoke emitted by vehicles using petrol and diesel and the cooking coal also pollutes the environment. The multiplication of vehicles, emitting black smoke that, being free and unfettered, spreads out and mixes with the air we breathe. The harmful smoke of these vehicles causes air pollution. Further, the sounds produced by these vehicles produces causes noise-pollution.
- Rapid urbanization and industrialization: The urbanization and the rapid growth of industrialization are causing through environmental pollution the greatest harm to the plant life, which in turn causing harm to the animal kingdom and the human lives.
- Population overgrowth: Due to the increase in population, particularly in developing countries, there has been surge in demand for basic food, occupation and shelter. The world has witnessed massive deforestation to expand absorb the growing population and their demands.
- Combustion of fossil fuels: The combustion of fossil fuels pollutes the air, the soil and the water with noxious gases such as CO2 and CO.
- Agricultural waste: Fertilizers and pesticides used in agriculture are key causes of environmental pollution.
Also read: Sources of Water, Air and Soil Pollution
Environmental Pollution can have devastating effects on sea life, on crops and on human health. It affects all plant, human and animal life in a negative way. Almost all of our gains in the fields of industrial progress, science and technology had so far been realized at the cost of our health. Even our flora and fauna were found to be threatened with extinction.
All this really leaves us wondering if all our achievements and industrial civilization really help us climb the peaks of prosperity or simply take us down the blind alleys of adversity. It is not only in India, but all over the world – even in Europe and U.S.A. – that the question is being raised whether all is well with our industrial growth and progress in the field of science and technology. Many crusaders against environmental pollution are vehemently protesting against the indiscriminate violations committed daily in the name of development.
The environmental pollution is not caused by the fall-out from nuclear tests or industries alone. The smoke left behind the automobiles and other vehicular traffic, the increasing use of synthetic detergents, nitrogen fertilizers and insecticides contaminate both air and water.
- The water we drink the vegetables are all contaminated to-day. As a result of this contamination our world is afflicted with a quite a number of incurable diseases.
- Environmental pollution affects water sources which mean that there is less fresh water available for drinking, washing, cooking and irrigating crops.
- Nothing in this world is immune, no life is safe and the future of this world is bleak.
- The factories are mostly built in populated areas and the smoke-emitting vehicles ply through the congested areas. Besides causing immense disturbances, there are increasing case of pulmonary tuberculosis and thrombosis and various sorts of brain and heart complications.
- Air-pollution may cause severe lungs-diseases, asthma, brain-disorder diseases, etc.
- Soil-pollution may have negative effect on farm output ratio. It can also contaminate the ground water.
- Noise-pollution have negative effects on hearing or auditory sense organs. It can also cause deafness, tiredness, and mental losses.
- The heat generated by industries and vehicles causes thermal pollution by raising the environmental temperature of the nearby areas.
- Many scientists believe that we are living in an era of mass extinction, due to human made environmental pollution.
The birth of mills and factories is the result of the growth of industry in this machine-predominated age. As long as they will be there, they must emit smoke, pollute the air and hasten our end by slow-poisoning.
The worst industrial environment tragedy occurred at Bhopal on December 3, 1984 as a result of toxic and poisonous leakage of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas from a multi-national Union Carbide pesticides manufacturing plant. Over 2000 people including woman and children were killed, and hundreds were severely hurt.
What then is the remedy? A lot of pollution derives from human activity. As a result, it is we humans who will be able to stop pollution. But, there surely cannot be any radical solution, for the existing factories cannot be bodily lifted to a place far from the populated zone. However, the following attempts can be made to solve the problem of environmental pollution.
- The Government can at least see that future factories are set up at a distant place, an industrial complex far away from the township.
- Researcher may find out how to avoid harmful smoke from running vehicles.
- Deforestation should be stopped and Forestry should be developed.
- Discharge of Factory wastes in rivers should be banned so as to make the river-water free from pollution.
- Recycle the sewage or in all events it can be disposed of in such a way as to prevent it from polluting the environment.
- Reducing the amount that we buy, reusing and repairing items wherever possible, and recycling as much as we can will all help to reduce the amount of waste dumped in the environment. When we do need to throw away waste we should do so responsibly.
- Organic farming could be one solution for reducing environmental pollution levels.
- Using fewer plastics.
- Disposing of litter and chemicals responsibly.
- Burning fewer fossil fuels.
- The UN Conference on Human Environment was convened to study the profound changes in the relationship between man and his environment in the wake of modern scientific and technological developments.
- The World Health Organization also set up an international network for the monitoring and study of air pollution on a global scale and for devising possible remedies.
We can very well notice the abnormal behaviour of the seasons – the cycle developing clogs in its wheels; and the worried experts fear that the disturbed balance in the biosphere has assumed such serious proportion that very soon our world would be uninhabitable like Hiroshima of 1945. But it is heartening to find the entire world aware of the menace. Some of the advanced countries have already taken some measures to meet it. If we fail to restore the ecological balance right now, it would be too late tomorrow.
Updated with input article from ‘Laura’.
Category: Blog, EnvironmentTagged With: Environment, Pollution
Pollution is nothing but the resources we are not harvesting. We allow them to disperse because we’ve been ignorant of their value.
Meaning of the Pollution
Pollution is the big crisis in the India. The environmental pollution refers to the introduction of harmful pollutants into the environment. It has a hazardous effect on the natural world and the activities of living beings.
Types of pollution
There is various type of the pollution in India, which is affecting the country in many ways. Following are the pollution classification in Country.
Air pollution is affecting the country in many ways. It is a big problem in India. We are not getting the better oxygen in the air because air polluted in the India. Air pollution is also affecting the new generation and overcome the disease in the air.
It is the main reason to air pollution; the diseases are spreading in the atmosphere. There is the different type of reason for theses pollution such as:
Causes of air pollution
- Air pollution generated by the polluting air which comes from the industrial area. The whole industrial zone is making the atmospheric pollution and affecting to the atmosphere
- Sometimes fire burns in the many areas, which also affects the surrounding environment.
- In the urban area, on the road, every day so many vehicles is rides and releases the bad air during the push of accelerator. It may also increase the air pollution.
- In the rural area, in most of the houses the housewives making the food on.
- Agricultural activities as crop spraying and dusting for pest and weed control are responsible for emitting organic phosphates, arsenic, and lead into the air.
- The burning of coal or other fossil fuels releases the considerable amount of sulfur dioxides into the air. During rain, sulfur dioxide in combination with water and form sulfuric acid which corrodes monuments, green plans, etc. The rain termed as acid rain.
Water pollution refers to the pollution which flows into the water and creates the diseases in the body of human being. It is generated by the people and also affected the people. Water pollution also caused in the drinking water, but in some places, this drinking water found.
The dirty drinking water founds in some slums area; there living people have not any other choice to drink unclean water.
Causes of water pollution
There are the many causes of the water pollution such as:
- Some of the water infections are increases by the industries which released dirty water in the ponds, river and other water places. It generates the water pollution from dirty water.
- It also generates by the human being. Some of the people throw the garbage in the nearby ponds and river which creates so much dirtiness in the water. Some of the people are using this water for a household work.
- Many of the rural populations are using the water for a bath of the cows and buffalos and also the human being bath in the ponds. It generates the pollution in water.
Noise pollution is that volume which pollutes the environment and spread number of diseases in the atmosphere. It is very effective for the people who create the disease in the human body.
However, a loud noise in a quiet residential area which keeps everyone awake at night does count as noise pollution. It is because it is clearly a case of excess noise that is harmful to people in the vicinity.
Causes of noise pollution
- From the factories and industries, which volume generated become then causes of the noise pollution.
- Many vehicles and transportation goods also create much volume in the environment.
- Household activities also generate the noise pollution in the air.
- Some people do the excessive use of the loudspeakers and microphones, which can harm the environment as well as our ear.
- Some sound producing fireworks creates much noise in the air.
- Recreational, activities like music or bursting of crackers, etc.
Soil Pollution refers to the introduction of harmful chemicals and substances to such an extent that it gets contaminated or becomes dangerous for living beings.
Causes of the Soil pollution
- The efflux of the nuclear thermal stations or the atomic research centers, if allowed to come into contact with the ground, pollutes the land.
- The excrement of the animals mixes with the soil and pollutes it.
- If the plastic pieces used in domestic works thrown in the field, these, instead of perishing, contaminate the ground.
- If the industrial garbage and the agricultural waste are kept lying in heaps on bare soil, the soil polluted.
Effects of the pollution
Effect on the human being and animals
Environmental pollution has negatively affected the life of both humankind and animals. Almost all of our gains in the fields of industrial progress, science, and technology had so far realized at the cost of our health. Even our flora and fauna found to threatened with extinction.
Spreads incurable diseases
The water we drink the vegetables is all contaminated to-day. As a result of this contamination, our world afflicted with a quite some fatal diseases.
The factories mostly built in populated areas, and the smoke-emitting vehicles ply through the congested areas. Besides causing immense disturbances, there are increasing case of pulmonary tuberculosis and thrombosis and various sorts of brain and heart complications.
Diseases by air pollution
Air pollution may cause severe lungs-diseases, asthma, brain-disorder diseases, etc.
Diseases by soil pollution
Soil pollution may have the adverse effect on farm output ratio. It can also contaminate the ground water.
Diseases by noise pollution
Noise pollution has adverse effects on hearing or auditory sense organs. It can also cause deafness, tiredness, and mental losses.
Prevention of the Pollution
- The Government can at least see those future factories are set up in a distant place, an industrial complex far away from the township.
- Discharge of Factory wastes in rivers should be banned so as to make the river-water free from pollution.
- Deforestation should stop, and Forestry should develop.
- The researcher may find out how to avoid harmful smoke from running vehicles.
The worried experts fear that the disturbed balance in the biosphere has assumed such serious proportion that very soon our world would be uninhabitable like Hiroshima of 1945. But it is heartening to find the entire world aware of the menace.
Some of the advanced countries have already taken some measures to meet it. If we fail to restore the ecological balance right now, it would be too late tomorrow.