Rad Marking Criteria For Essay

For exams, class awards, presentation classes, and solo performance awards.

This document is valid from January 2018 and supersedes all previous Specifications and Examinations Information, Rules and Regulations documentation.

Information includes:

  • registration and entry
  • preparation and requirements
  • the exam day
  • results and certificates
  • general information, e.g. uniform, exam timing, venue requirements, prerequisites, music, refunds and cancellations
  • regulatory information
  • aims and objectives
  • syllabus content, and
  • marking criteria and how marks are awarded

The Specifications will be translated into 9 different languages which will be available during 2018.

Please note: the Specifications document for Scottish exams can be found here: Specifications (Scotland).

Discovering Repertoire specification – this information, although included in the main Specifications, has been extracted for ease of access.

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48. Doyle PJ, Goda AJ, Spencer KA. The Communicative Informativeness and Efficiency of Connected Discourse by Adults with Aphasia Under Structured and Conversational Sampling Conditions. American Journal of Speech Language Pathology. 1995;4(4):130–4.

49. Murray LL, Stout JC. Discourse Comprehension in Huntington's and Parkinson's Diseases. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. 1999;8:137–48.

50. Oelschlaeger ML, Thorne JC. Application of the correct information unit analysis to the naturally occurring conversation of a person with aphasia. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 1999;42(3):636–48.[PubMed]

51. Tompkins CA, Lehman-Blake MT, Baumgaertner A, Fassbinder W. Mechanisms of discourse comprehension impairment after right hemisphere brain damage: suppression in inferential ambiguity resolution. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2001;44(2):400–15.[PubMed]

52. Kennedy MR, Nawrocki MD. Delayed predictive accuracy of narrative recall after traumatic brain injury: salience and explicitness. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2003;46(1):98–112.[PubMed]

53. Mackenzie C, Brady M. Communication ability in non-right handers following right hemisphere stroke. Journal of Neurolinguistics. 2004;17(4):301–13.

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59. McNamara P, Durso R. Pragmatic communication skills in patients with Parkinson's disease. Brain Lang. 2003;84(3):414–23.[PubMed]

60. McNamara P, Durso R, Brown A, Lynch A. Counterfactual cognitive deficit in persons with Parkinson's disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2003;74(8):1065–70.[PMC free article][PubMed]

61. Meilijson SR, Kasher A, Elizur A. Language performance in chronic schizophrenia: a pragmatic approach. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2004;47(3):695–713.[PubMed]

62. Aubert S, Barat M, Campan M, Dehail P, Joseph PA, Mazaux JM. Non verbal communication abilities in severe traumatic brain injury. Ann Readapt Med Phys. 2004;47(4):135–41.[PubMed]

63. Cullough KC, McCullough GH, Ruark JL, RaineyJ Pragmatic performance and functional communication in adults with aphasia. J Speech Lang Pathol Appl Behav Anal. 2006;1(2):164–8.

64. Most T, Shina-August E, Meilijson S. Pragmatic abilities of children with hearing loss using cochlear implants or hearing AIDS compared to hearing children. J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ. 2010;15(4):422–37.[PubMed]

65. Orange JB, Kertesz A, Peacock J. Pragmatics in frontal lobe dementia and primary progressive aphasia. Journal of Neurolinguistics. 1998;11(1-2):153–77.

66. Fromm D, Holland A. Functional communication in Alzheimer's disease. J Speech Hear Disord. 1989;54(4):535–40.[PubMed]

67. Bartlett CA. A call for investigation into focusing aphasia treatment using alternative scoring methods for Communicative Abilities in Daily Living. Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology. 1993;17(2):93–102.

68. Sorin-petersacd R, Behrmannbc M. Change in perception of communication abilities of aphasic patients and their families. Aphasiology. 1995;9(6):565–75.

69. Elman RJ, Bernstein-Ellis E. The efficacy of group communication treatment in adults with chronic aphasia. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 1999;42(2):411–9.[PubMed]

70. Garcia LJ, Rebolledo M, Metthé L, Lefebvre R. The Potential of Virtual Reality to Assess Functional Communication in Aphasia. Topics in Language Disorders. 2007;27(3):272–88.

71. Wertz RT, Collins MJ, Weiss D, Kurtzke JF, Friden T, Brookshire RH, et al. Veterans Administration cooperative study on aphasia: a comparison of individual and group treatment. J Speech Hear Res. 1981;24(4):580–94.[PubMed]

72. Holland AL. Observing functional communication of aphasic adults. J Speech Hear Disord. 1982;47(1):50–6.[PubMed]

73. David R, Enderby P, Bainton D. Treatment of acquired aphasia: speech therapists and volunteers compared. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1982;45(11):957–61.[PMC free article][PubMed]

74. Kinsey C. Microcomputer speech therapy for dysphasic adults: a comparison with two conventionally administered tasks. Br J Disord Commun. 1986;21(1):125–33.[PubMed]

75. Lincoln NB, McGuirk E, Mulley GP, Lendrem W, Jones AC, Mitchell JR. Effectiveness of speech therapy for aphasic stroke patients. A randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 1984;1(8388):1197–200.[PubMed]

76. O'Halloran R, Worrall L, Hickson L. Development of a measure of communication activity for the acute hospital setting: Part 1. Rationale and preliminary findings. Journal of Medical Speech-language Pathology. 2007;15(1):39–50.

77. Ulatowska HK, Wertz RT, Chapma SB, Hil CL, Thompson JL, Keebler MW, et al. Interpretation of fables and proverbs by African Americans with and without aphasia. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. 2001;10(1):40–50.

78. Wengryn M, Hester EJ. Pragmatic Skills Used by Older Adults in Social Communication and Health Care Contexts: Precursors to Health Literacy. Contemporary Issues in Communication Science & Disorders. 2011;38:41–52.

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